Children with diabetes either do not make enough insulin needed to process food or are resistant to insulin, resulting in high blood sugar. They are generally dependent on insulin injections and require careful lifestyle changes to ensure a positive outcome. Our Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes program, part of the Pediatric Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes service at the University of Michigan, offers comprehensive evaluation, treatment and resources to help children with diabetes live long, productive lives. Symptoms of diabetes can include:
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination
- Increased appetite and/or thirst
- Weight loss
Our program manages both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children ages 0-18 years. Type 1 diabetes is most common in children while type 2 diabetes is the common form of diabetes in adults, usually developing in those over 35, especially those who are overweight; however, as obesity rates increase nationally, type 2 diabetes has become more common in children and teenagers. We also offer pre-diabetes care for children at risk of developing diabetes, as well as a Pediatric Diabetes Self-Management Program, which is certified by the Michigan Department of Community Health and recognized by the American Diabetes Association. This program teaches families self-management skills necessary to care for diabetes at home, including optimal blood glucose control, and prevention of acute and long-term complications of diabetes. The Pediatric Diabetes Self-Management Program is provided by an interdisciplinary team to address the individual needs of children with diabetes and their families in an outpatient setting. Self-management empowers patients and families to make informed decisions on how to maintain or improve health and quality of life through their own initiative. The program also puts into place programs to address the special needs of children with diabetes in the school setting, working collaboratively with school personnel to meet these needs.